Sviri S, Woods WP, van Heerden PV. Air embolism–a case series and review. Crit Care Resusc. 2004 Dec;6(4):271-6.
Venous or arterial air embolism may be a life threatening event. The condition is seen in many fields of medicine, including intensive care. We present a series of three cases of air embolism encountered in the intensive care unit, which demonstrate different pathophysiologies for air embolism in critically ill patients. We also review the literature with respect to aetiology, incidence, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment options for venous and arterial embolism.