FDA summarizes reported events resulting from air-in-line issues encountered while using pumps, fluid warmers and rapid infusers. Read FDA Safety Communication on FDA Website
Pediatrics and adults with a PFO are at a significantly greater risk of air embolism resulting from IV air-in-line. Approximately 25% of adults have this condition and most are unaware of its existence.
This manuscript summarizes air-in-line detected and removed by ClearLine IV during actual procedures which also utilized standard air elimination techniques.